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4 Varied Types of Coffee Beans for Avid Coffee Lovers

When it comes to finding the types of coffee beans, you should make sure you get one that fits your specific needs. To make it easier for you, we’ve done the work of putting together the top 21 types of coffee beans. You can get more information on how they can be of help to you below.

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Types of Coffee Beans

Coffee is such a godsend for a tiring day. It’s extremely hard for a white-collar officer to work for hours and drink no coffee.

Indeed, we can’t imagine a working day without this beverage!

Coffee’s soft fragrance is the daily interest of many of us. The taste is pleasant yet strong enough to wake you up all day long.

In fact, most consumers don’t know clearly what they are drinking and what contributes to their coffee’s smell and taste. Don’t worry! We would offer you an in-depth look into the major types of coffee beans and their characteristics as well.

Stick to our post to discover your own coffee of choice!

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The Four Main Types of Coffee Beans

Robusta Coffee Beans (Coffea Caniphora)

Robusta beans are hardy


Robusta beans are hardy. (1)

Although Robusta is not the most popular coffee bean, it’s a big player in the market. This coffee’s market share accounts for nearly 40% of the industry’s production.

Robusta comes from sub-Saharan Africa, and now Indonesians and Africans primarily grow it since it lives well in hot climates with few rainfalls.

The bean is also one of the Vietnamese’s favorites. People here usually mix it into coffee blenders to make fantastic iced coffees – a cool drink for hot summer days.

The Robusta coffee bean is larger, more rounded, and essentially hardier than other sorts of beans. It can grow under harsh weather, at low altitudes, and be immune to diseases.

Caffeine is the characteristic that sets coffea caniphora apart. Beans on a Robusta plant contain a double amount of caffeine compared to Arabica.

How Do They Taste?

First, we found Robusta coffee somewhat bitter, flat, and almost burnt. But when we sipped little by little, the drink turned out to have a chocolate hint to it.

It’s a real boost with a strong flavor for drowsy daytime.

Arabica Coffee Beans (Coffea Arabica)

Arabica beans are popular among coffee fans


Arabica beans are popular among coffee fans

When it comes to coffee bean varieties, Arabica is usually the first to pop to mind. This one comprises about 60% of the world’s production and is widely consumed all over the globe.

The beans originated in the highlands of Ethiopia centuries ago. People grow it in areas having rainy weather and an abundant amount of shade.

Plus, the coffee of the Arabica lives best at high altitudes and on small trees. The beans, therefore, are manageable and easy to harvest.

An Arabica coffee tree can scarcely reach the height of two meters. Although they are short and prone to bad environments, Arabica beans are rich in both flavor and aroma.

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How Do They Taste?

Coffea Arabica has turned up as the best quality variety. Most renowned coffee brands refer to their 100% use of Arabica beans. There must be solid reasons for this preference.

Arabica coffee beans are well-known for their smooth texture and complex flavor with no hint of bitterness.

Do you want a sweet taste that can wow your tastebuds? Go for a bag of Arabica coffee beans!

Liberica Coffee Beans (Coffea Liberica)

Liberica beans have an unusual appearance


Liberica beans have an unusual appearance

Let’s come to another less popular type of coffee bean: Liberica. People originally discovered this coffee in Liberia and now grow it in some regions of Western Africa.

Coffea Liberica is remarkably larger than other varieties, bearing a slight resemblance to Robusta in size.

Also, the beans have an irregular shape. You will tell them apart at the first glance.

Today, Liberica cherries are a rare treat. Farmers have to bring them to areas with specific climates (hot, humid, at low altitude) to scale their operations.

Besides, this variety is too scarce to find. It’s extremely difficult for producers to seek an adequate amount to satisfy the global market demand.

How Do They Taste?

Among coffee fanatics, Coffea Liberica’s wild inconsistency is still controversial. Those trying the rare Liberica either like or dislike it.

Many drinkers are into the sneaky, nutty, and bold flavor on the last layer, while some compare it to tobacco aftertaste.

Personally, we call Liberica cherries a ‘distinct surprise’. They are unique in their piquant floral aroma and fruity flavor profile.

We can even feel the taste of peculiar wood, which is a very special characteristic of this variety.

Excelsa Coffee Beans (Coffea Excelsa)

Excelsa beans are exceedingly rare


Excelsa beans are exceedingly rare

Of the four types of coffee beans, Excelsa is probably the least well-known. Native to Southeast Asia, the bean represents a tiny fraction of the coffee industry’s production.

Its shape is similar to the Liberica beans elongated oval. Coffea Excelsa grows on large-sized coffee plants of 20-30 feet at medium altitudes.

Although Excelsa is essentially a family member of the Liberica, it boasts noticeably different tastes.

How Do They Taste?

Excelsa has a unique profile sought out by coffee-loving people. It shows off a perfect combination of light and dark roast traits.

On the top, you would taste a rather tart and fruity aroma. Then in the background, there are flavors that bring reminiscence of dark roasts. 

This is a complex contrast that leaves first-time drinkers uncertain about which variety it is. While we can experience the familiar caffeine, Excelsa still maintains an irregular depth of flavor.

Where Can You Buy These Types of Coffee Beans?

Arabica beans are highly available. You can find them in any gourmet coffee company or on any coffee website. 

If you want to drink bare Arabica coffee, remember to check the label to make sure whether the cherries have been blended with Robusta beans or not.

Robusta coffee beans are also easy to buy as they’re widely common in blends. Some roasters provide customers with special Robusta blends.

We recommend checking Vietnamese coffee suppliers for high-quality bags of coffee beans. The good news is that instant coffee is generally 100% Robusta.

It’s obviously harder to purchase Liberica and Excelsa cherries due to their scarcity. Consumers may struggle to find them outside of Asia.

The best Liberica coffee should be found in the Philippines, where the climate and terrain benefit this coffee tree best.

The combination of black Liberica blends and sugar would please even the strictest coffee drinker. Outside of Southeast Asia, you may find these beans in a market catering to the Filipino expatriate community.

Excelsa beans are such a hard-charging variety. Luckily, thanks to some specialty roasters, consumers can still get a chance to try this very rare coffee.


Coffee tends to be the beverage that modern-day workers consume all their lives. That’s the reason knowing clearly the major types of coffee beans and their qualities is a must.

This way, consumers can pick up the variety that suits their taste best.

If you’re a sweet-tooth drinker, Arabica and Excelsa cherries may apply to you. If you’re the one who adores distinction, Robusta or Liberica coffee would please you for sure.

Enjoying cup of single-origin coffee is a perfect way to start a new day. It’s time to become a truly gourmet coffee enthusiast!

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